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mixed media: pastel in cardboard box: dolls, beads, cloth flowers, glass, twine, stone, wood, bell, glass globule

the conception of homes are a little different from what one can see elsewhere. most families in mali are extended families with up to three generations living together at times. to accomodate such large crowds, there are numerous houses-- sometimes just one or two bedroom only, sometimes a little bigger, rectangular in shape with a veranda -- all lined up in a circle, leaving a huge yard in the middle. they are called compounds. the yard is the heart of the home, as everything takes place there: dishes, laundry, cooking, chatting, childrearing, etc. while it is very rare, if not impossible to see husbands and wives holding hands or kissing or having any other gestures of tenderness for one another in the middle of the compound (or any other public place for that matter), it is not uncommon to see women nursing their children right in the middle of the yard. that may happen any time of the day or night, whether other family members are present, or outside visitors happen to drop by. There is no taboo about a woman's breasts being seen as she nurses her baby.

breastfeeding is considered to be a natural thing. For that reason, women can be seen nursing their children virtually anywhere: on public transportation if the child happens to be crying, at the marketplace, or at any of the numerous ceremonies that abound in the society (e.g., naming ceremonies for newborn babies, engagement ceremonies, weddings, funerals, etc.). it is the acceptable thing to do. in fact, any woman who would let her child cry and not try to calm her/him down with breastfeeding first is sure to attract criticism from everyone around, strangers and acquaintances alike.

in the mid-sixties and seventies, this practice changed somehow for the so-called "intellectual" women. that was when the western trend of baby formula was gaining momentum in african countries. In mali, they had the "Guigoz" brand from france. needless to say it was not cheap. It became fashionable to carry baby bottles around and not expose breasts in public anymore. however this practice was in big cities mostly, and only by relatively well-to-do women who had had some schooling. the majority of women who lived in rural areas, and who, for the most part, could not afford the baby formula kept up the old ways.

the "intellectual" women may have taken up the baby formula practice first because it was around the time when women were going out on the job market, working in offices in salaried positions. in fact, there lay some of the problems with the baby bottle: these working women had to leave their babies with either their mother, mother-in-law or maids, all illiterate, to handle the whole bottle feeding process. hygiene standards were not the highest possible, to say the least. the second reason may have been due to the huge advertisement campaign for baby formula and against breastfeeding put out by western companies. the last reason may be because of that desire to be like western women.

luckily the fad was long gone. breastfeeding, if the mother is able to, can be the greatest bonding process between mother and child. it is a peaceful, soothing, and priceless moment for both mother and child, not to mention that the mother's milk is far more superior to any formula when it comes to its nutritional value for the baby. the real deal is always much better than any substitute. That probably explains why most malian children do not use pacifiers.


Your "Mother & child" make me think to my "Mother and son" ;-))

Wow! You're very creative and artistic.

Superb humanistic piece, Jennifer !!!

Amazing and beautiful!

good work! good message!

Very beautiful work :))

Beautiful and very creative !

Bravo! Having breast-fed each of my three children for over a year I can only confirm your last paragraph. Beautiful piece.

Beautiful :-))

Still love it! It's good to see it again!

So very, very nice !!

Well done! I saw it was on cardboard immediately and thought that was perfect for the subject! Great colors and painting...

J'aime beaucoup votre sens des matières Jennifer

lovely image- I used to work in Brooklyn NYC- a very multi ehtnic neighborhood- I met a Haitian artist- this ,to me, is reminiscent of Haitian art- I esp like theme, composition, colors


Lovely artistic representation!

very nice !!!!

So good..

love simplicity of this image. And the underlying philosophy.

Best ever

LOvely maSterpiece!!!

~I love your 'bold and wonderful' artwork, my friend!~

Warm and lovely!!

I really love this one...


This looks so awesome

A wonderful piece!

Fantastic work dear Jennifer!

Very beautiful!!

Very nice......well done

Super greens, nice artwork.

Fabulous again Jennifer...

jenniferbeinhacker.com “self taught” pastels “water soluble pastels” “visionary art” “outsider art” “ “raw art” “art brut” “naïf art” “primitive art” “deviant art” “modern art” “contemporary art” “art on cardboard” men women children fish hands faces chil
africa series 6: mother and child